FACTSHEET | Sept. 17, 2021

Progress in Vietnam

Current Status of Unaccounted-for Americans Lost in the Vietnam War

  Vietnam Laos Cambodia China Total
Original Missing 1,973 573 90 10 2,646
Repatriated and Identified 729 288 42 3 1,062[1]
Remaining Missing 1,244 285 48 7 1,584

 

 

Of the remaining 1,244 Americans still unaccounted for in Vietnam, 470 are in a “non-recoverable” category.  This means that as a result of rigorous investigation, we have conclusive evidence the individual perished, but do not believe it possible to recover his remains.  On rare occasions, new leads can arise that bring a case back to an active status.

Field Operations

  • The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) planned to conduct four Joint Field Activities (JFAs) this fiscal year in Vietnam.  Each JFA involves approximately 95 U.S. personnel plus their Vietnamese counterparts.  Together, they work on investigations and excavations throughout the country for a period of approximately 30 days per JFA. The COVID-19 (corona virus) pandemic forced the cancellation of the first DPAA-led JFA, but in its place, three all-Vietnamese teams began executing the 141st field activity at the end of October.
  • Recovered remains believed to be those of Americans are transferred to DPAA’s laboratory in Hawaii for further analysis and identification by forensic anthropologists.
  • Joint Field Activity (JFA) 21-3VN was conducted from May 14 through June 30.  It included an underwater recovery team operating from April 14 to June 30.  JFA 21-4VN was cancelled due to COVID, but the Vietnamese agreed to conduct three unilateral excavation missions in its stead.

Resolving “Last Known Alive” Cases

  • Of the original 196 individuals “Last Known Alive” in Vietnam (those who survived or may have survived their loss incident and were either alive on the ground, in captivity, or in immediate proximity to capture, but did not return), DOD has confirmed the death of 177, with 19 still unresolved.
  • Of the 177 whose deaths have been confirmed, the remains of 51 have been located and identified; efforts continue to recover the remaining 126.
  • U.S. and Vietnamese specialists met in Hanoi last year to discuss Last Known Alive cases in Vietnam, as well as in Cambodia and Laos.  

Research and Investigations

  • U.S. POW/MIA investigators rotate into Hanoi on a continuous basis to pursue leads associated with the remaining 1,246 Americans still unaccounted for in Vietnam.
  • A research effort continues in the Ministry of National Defense (MND) central archives.  Since May 2012, Vietnam has turned over policy, strategic, and tactical level archival documents regarding unaccounted for Americans.
  • In addition to the interviews conducted during JFAs, U.S. and Vietnamese investigators have conducted nearly 300 oral history interviews of former and current Vietnamese government and military officials.  This program is ongoing. 
  • Since Vietnamese troops occupied large portions of Cambodia and Laos where Americans went missing during the War, the U.S. asks Vietnamese veterans and civilians to cooperate in our operations in the two countries.  Vietnamese veterans have actively supported DPAA investigation and recovery operations in both Cambodia and Laos; many of these veterans have participated more than once.

1This number now includes the 63 Americans who were returned and/or identified from 1973 – 1975.

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