The Department of Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office announced today that the
remains of a U.S. serviceman, missing in action from the Korean War, have been identified and
are being returned to his family for burial with full military honors.
Army Sgt. First Class James C. Caldwell, 31, of Ft. Sill, Okla., will be buried April 27 in
Daytona Beach, Fla. On Nov. 1, 1950, Caldwell’s unit, was assigned to Headquarters Company,
3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division, occupying a defensive position in North
Korea, along the Nammyon River, near a bend known as the “Camel’s Head.” Two enemy
elements attacked the 1st Cavalry Division’s lines, collapsing their perimeter and forcing a
withdrawal. Almost 400 men, including Caldwell, were reported missing or killed in action
following the battle.
In 1953, a U.S. soldier captured during the same battle reported that he had witnessed
Caldwell’s death on the battlefield during the attack.
Between 1991 and 1994, North Korea gave the United States 208 boxes of remains
believed to contain the remains of 200-400 U.S. servicemen. North Korean documents turned
over with one of the boxes indicated the remains in one of the boxes were exhumed in Unsan
County, North Pyongan Province. This location correlates with the location of the 3rd Battalion,
8th Cavalry Regiment on Nov. 2, 1950.
Analysts from DPMO and the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC) developed
case leads with information spanning more than 58 years. They evaluated the circumstances
surrounding the soldier’s death and researched wartime documentation of the movements of U.S.
and enemy forces on the battlefield.
Among forensic identification tools and circumstantial evidence, scientists from JPAC
used dental comparisons and the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory used
mitochondrial DNA – which matched that of Caldwell’s cousin—in the identification. In
addition, Caldwell’s military identification tags were included with the remains.
More than 2,000 servicemen died as prisoners of war during the Korean War. With this
identification, 7,997 service members still remain missing from the conflict.
For additional information on the Defense Department’s mission to account for missing
Americans, visit the DPMO web site at www.dtic.mil/dpmo or call (703) 699-1169.